aba, ab: lake; sea [AB archaic frequency: 384; concatenates 2 sign variants].

abba: (cf., ab-ba).

ubi(ku6): a marine and fluvial fish [UBI archaic frequency: 7; concatenates 2 signs].

ubu [AŠ]: area measure, = 1/2 of an iku (= 50 sar).

ada, ad: n., father; shout; song [AD archaic frequency: 36; concatenates 3 sign variants].

     v., to balk.

adda(2), ad3,6: carcass, corpse; skeleton [ADDA archaic frequency: 4].

adda4, ád: to dispatch, send; to drive away; shrub, thornbush [? KIŠIK archaic frequency: 21; concatenates 3 sign variants].

ída, íd, i7: river; main canal; watercourse (éd,'to issue', + a,'water').

udu: sheep; small cattle; ram, wether [UDU archaic frequency: 452; concatenates 2 signs].

aga(3): diadem, circlet, crown (of legitimate kingship); turban [TUN3 archaic frequency: 96; concatenates 3 sign variants].

uga(mušen): raven.

egi(2): (cf., egir2/3).

égi: (cf., ègir).

igi: n., eye(s); glance; face; aspect, looks; front (reduplicated ig, 'door') [IGI archaic frequency: 21].

     v., to see.

     prep., before, in front of.

igi: reciprocal of a number (= the multiplier that will give 60; the igi of 5 is 0;12) (abbreviation of igi-gtildeál, 'that which is opposite').

ugu[U.GÙ]: n., skull; top of the head; top side; upper part; voice (cf., ùgun, ugu(4)) (ù,'after it', + gú,'neck').

     pron., him, her, them, this one.

     prep., upon, over, on top; after; comparative enhancer of adjectives.

úgu[A.KA]: debits part of account tablet.

ugu4[KU]: to bear, procreate, produce (cf., ugu4-bi).

ágtildea, ágtilde, áka, ám: to measure out, mete; to measure (area, length, time, capacity); to check.

ùgtildea, ùgtilde, ùku, un(-gtildeá): people; population; crowd.

áhi, ah5, á: arm; wing; horn; side; strength; work performance; wages; moment. [A2 archaic frequency: 3]

aka, ak, ag, a5: to do, act; to place; to make into (something) (with -si-) [AK archaic frequency: 149; concatenates 2 sign variants].

àka: fleece.

iku: a surface measure of 3600 meters2 = 100 sar = 1 square 'rope' = 1/18 bùr (plural Akk. form of ég, ék, 'levee').

uku2,5: (cf., ukur3,4).

ùku: (cf., ùgtildea).

íla, íli, íl: n., carrier.

     v., to lift, carry; to deliver; to bring; to endure; to support; to carry forward (in accounting); to be high; to shine (íl-i in marû).

ili5: to rise, get up.

illu: high water, flood; (amniotic) fluid; resin.

ùlu: (cf., u18).

úllu[KIB], ùl: leash; reins [KIB archaic frequency: 7].

ama: mother [AMA archaic frequency: 241; concatenates 2 sign variants].

áma, am: wild ox or cow (aurochs).

ama(4,5), áme: women's quarters; living room.

eme: tongue; speech; plow's share.

(gtildeiš)eme: a utensil.

emma: (cf., enmen).

émma: (cf., énmen).

éme: (cf., ummeda(2)).

eme3,5,6: she-ass, jenny.

imi, im, em: clay, loam, mud; tablet [IM archaic frequency: 67; concatenation of 2 sign variants].

imi, im, em: wind; direction; weather; storm; cloud; rain (cf., tumu).

umu, um: old woman; nurse; wise or skillful teacher.

ùmmu: (cf., ummud).

únu: (cf., únug).

ùnu(-d): feast; chief cowherd.

unu6: (cf., ùnug).

ára, ár[UB]: n., praise, glory.

     v., to praise, glorify.

ara3,5: (cf., hara).

ara4; ar; rà: v., to shine; to blaze.

     adj., bright; clear; polished.

iri: (cf., uru).

uri(2): Akkadian (cf., kínda) [URI archaic frequency: 35; URI2 archaic frequency: 1].

ùri[ŠEŠ]: (cf., urin).

uri2,5: (cf., urim2,5).

uru(2)(ki), iri, rí; iri11: city, town, village, district [URU archaic frequency: 101; concatenation of 5 sign variants; UNUG archaic frequency: 206; concatenates 3 sign variants].

uru2,5,18: n., devastating flood; thunderstorm.

     adj., high, deep.

ùru(-m)[ŠEŠ]: n., watch fire; light; glowing, luminous object.

     v., to watch, guard; to protect.

uru4[APIN], ur11(-ru): to plow, till, cultivate.

uru9: stanchion, support.

uru12: same meaning as ur(2,3,4) with the marû aspect-e suffix and vowel harmony.

uru16(-n): valiant; strong, mighty; clever.

asa, as, az: cage; fetter; bear; myrtle [AZ archaic frequency: 13].

esi: (cf., (na4)esig).

isi: pit; clay pit.

usu: skill; strength.

ussu(2,3): eight (ía, 'five', + eš5, 'three').

aša5: (cf., ašag).

eša, eše4: emmer wheat flour.

éšša: to be satiated, full.

éše, éš[ŠÈ]: rope; measuring tape/cord; length measure, rope = 10 nindan rods = 20 reeds = 120 cubits = the side of 1 square iku in area = 1,0,0 [602] fingers; a surface area measure, = 6 iku; leash (can be an adverbial suffix like ) (eš, 'much', + eš, 'much') [ŠE3 archaic frequency: 152].

èše: a surface measure = 2.16 hectares or 6 iku.

iši: mountain [ archaic frequency: 88; concatenates 3 sign variants].

eššu: ear of barley or other grain.

ušu: a crop-devouring insect.

ùšu: thirty (5,'three', + hà/u,'ten').

itu, iti: (cf., itud).

iti6[UD.dNANNA]: moonlight.

dutu: the sun as a god (cf., ud).

útu: a dish prepared with milk.

azu, úzu, zu5: doctor (cf., a-zu) [AZU archaic frequency: 7].

izi[NE]: fire (cf., iz-zi) [NE archaic frequency: 303; concatenation of 4 sign variants].

uzu: flesh; cut of meat; omen (ùz, 'goat', + zé, 'to cut').

uzu5: evening, sunset.


Copyright © 1996-1999 John Alan Halloran, Los Angeles, California. All Rights Reserved.
Last modified on August 9, 1999.
http://www.sumerian.org/sumvcv.htm